The UNDP JPO Service Centre administers JPO Programmes (in full or in part, as the case may be) of the following UN organizations/funds/offices:
In July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.
The creation of UN Women came about as part of the UN reform agenda, bringing together resources and mandates for greater impact. It merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system, which focused exclusively on gender equality and women’s empowerment:
- Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW)
- International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW)
- Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI)
- United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
The main roles of UN Women are:
- To support inter-governmental bodies, such as the Commission on the Status of Women, in their formulation of policies, global standards and norms.
- To help Member States to implement these standards, standing ready to provide suitable technical and financial support to those countries that request it, and to forge effective partnerships with civil society.
- To hold the UN system accountable for its own commitments on gender equality, including regular monitoring of system-wide progress.
Meeting the Needs of the World’s Women
For many years, the UN has faced serious challenges in its efforts to promote gender equality globally, including inadequate funding and no single recognised driver to direct UN activities on gender equality issues.
UN Women was created to address such challenges. It will be a dynamic and strong champion for women and girls, providing them with a powerful voice at the global, regional and local levels.
Grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the UN Charter, UN Women, among other issues, works for the:
- elimination of discrimination against women and girls;
- empowerment of women; and
- achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security.
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS was established by the United Nations in 1996 to bring together the AIDS activities of six UN organisations (UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank in order to obtain a broader-based and expanded response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
As the main advocate for global action on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS leads, strengthens and supports an expanded response aimed at preventing the transmission of HIV, providing care and support, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS, and alleviating the impact of the epidemic.
To support a more effective global response to AIDS, UNAIDS focuses on:
- Leadership and advocacy for effective action on the epidemic;
- Strategic information to guide efforts against AIDS worldwide;
- Tracking, monitoring and evaluation of the epidemic and of responses to it;
- Civil society engagement and partnership development;
- Mobilization of resources to support an effective response.
Established in 1966 as a special purpose fund primarily for small-scale investment in the poorest countries, the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) has come in recent years through intense, necessary and far-reaching changes. Today, UNCDF works to help eradicate poverty through local development programmes and micro-finance operations.
UNCDF is a member of the United Nations Development Programme group, and reports to UNDP's Executive Board. As such, UNCDF works in close partnership with UNDP in areas ranging from joint programming to administrative and logistical support. The UNDP Resident Representative represents UNCDF at the country level.
The Fund derives its resources from voluntary contributions made by member States, and from co-financing by governments, international organizations and the private sector. UNCDF is committed to results-based management, combining quality programming with financially sound management. The Fund produces concrete results through programmes that pilot innovative approaches to local development and micro-finance for replication on a larger scale.
The United Nations Development Operations Coordination Office (UNDOCO) promotes social and economic progress by helping UN organizations deliver coherent, effective and efficient support to countries. UNDOCO was established by the Secretary-General and the UN Development Group (UNDG) in 1997 to unite the UN system and improve the quality of its development assistance. UNDOCO is led by the UNDG Chair, who is the UNDP Administrator.
UNDOCO is the technical support unit of the UNDG. Its overall objective is to support the Strategic Priorities of the UNDG and related coordination goals. UNDOCO performs three critical functions for the UNDG and the Resident Coordinator system: (1) Focused policy coordination and technical support to the global work of the UNDG; (2) Support to the Regional UNDG Teams and Resident Coordinators and UN Country Teams; and (3) Knowledge management.
UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in more than 170 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.
UNDP focuses on helping countries build and share solutions in four main areas:
Poverty Reduction and Achievement of the MDGs
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Environment and Energy for Sustainable Development
In all activities, UNDP encourages the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women, minorities and the poorest and most vulnerable.
UNDP administers special funds and programmes, including the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) and the United Nations Volunteer Programme (UNV). UNDP is governed by a 36-member Executive Board, representing both developing and developed countries. Among its major publications is the annual Human Development Report.
The UNDP JPO Service Centre administers the SARC Programme (in full) of the UNDP only.
Established operationally in 1969 at the initiative of the General Assembly, the United Nations Population Fund is the largest internationally funded source of population assistance to developing countries. At their request, it assists them to improve reproductive health and family planning services on the basis of individual choice, and to formulate population policies in support of efforts towards sustainable development.
UNFPA is wholly funded by voluntary contributions, which amount to some USD 250 million per year. Nearly two thirds of its assistance is used for reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health, to refine approaches to adolescent reproductive health, reduce maternal mortality, address HIV/AIDS and provide assistance in emergencies. Close to one third is for population and development strategies to ensure a balance between development and population dynamics by providing information, influencing policy and building national capacity in population programming. The rest is used for advocacy to mobilise resources and political commitment for population activities.
UNFPA is a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly. It has the same Executive Board as UNDP.
Established by the General Assembly in 1966, UNIDO became a UN specialised organization in 1985 whose mandate is to promote industrial development and cooperation.
UNIDO offers tailor-made solutions for the sustainable industrial development of developing countries. It cooperates with governments, business associations and the private industrial sector to build industrial capabilities for meeting the challenges and spreading the benefits of globalisation of industry.
To support its services, UNIDO has engineers, economists and technology and environment specialists in Vienna, as well as professional staff in its network of investment promotion service offices and field offices, which are headed by UNIDO Regional and Country Representatives.
The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) is making concrete contributions to developing the capacities of tens of thousands of people around the world. Since its inception in 1965, UNITAR has built sustainable partnerships acquiring unique expertise and accumulating experience and knowledge to fulfil its mandate. These accomplishments have enabled UNITAR to respond to the growing demand from UN Member States for training for capacity development in the fields of Environment; Peace, Security and Diplomacy; and Governance.
A transformation process was initiated in 2007 with the goal of upgrading the institutional structure and enabling the Institute to increase its future contribution towards addressing emerging training and capacity development needs of beneficiaries. A set of strategic priorities was formulated in view of making UNITAR the calling card of the United Nations system when it comes to knowledge transfer through training on cutting edge issues, adult learning methodologies and professional training.
UNOPS offers the international community a broad range of services, from overall project management to the provision of single inputs. In responding flexibly to its clients' demands, UNOPS tailors management services to their particular needs, applies methods for attaining cost-effective results, and mobilises diverse implementing partners.
UNOPS works in partnership with dozens of United Nations organisations, developing and donor country governments, the private sector and local and international NGOs. It is entirely funded by fees earned for services rendered.
Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict, UNRWA was established by United Nations General Assembly resolution 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949 to carry out direct relief and works programmes for Palestine refugees. In the absence of a solution to the Palestine refugee problem, the General Assembly has repeatedly renewed UNRWA's mandate, most recently extending it until 30 June 2011.
UNRWA is unique in terms of its long-standing commitment to one group of refugees and its contributions to the welfare and human development of four generations of Palestine refugees. Originally envisaged as a temporary organization, the Agency has gradually adjusted its programmes to meet the changing needs of the refugees. Today, UNRWA is the main provider of basic services - education, health, relief and social services - to over 4.5 million registered Palestine refugees in the Middle East.
According to its Statute, "The Staff College shall serve as a distinct, system-wide, knowledge management and learning institution. providing strategic leadership and management development..., strengthening inter-agency collaboration..., increasing operational effectiveness; enhancing cooperation with stakeholders inside and outside the UN system, and developing a more cohesive, system-wide, management culture".
The idea of establishing a Staff College to serve the United Nations system was a direct response to the long-standing need to strengthen the coherence and effectiveness of the international civil service. The College itself began operations in 1996 as a project entrusted to the ITC/ILO, until the establishment of a fully-fledged United Nations System Staff College on 1 January 2002.
The current programme focuses on Peace and Security, Development Cooperation and UN System Learning and Training Services.
Established in 1973 by the General Assembly, UNU is an international community of scholars, engaged in research, postgraduate training and dissemination of knowledge in furthering the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. UNU's mission is to contribute, through research and capacity building, to efforts to resolve the pressing global problems that are the concern of the UN, its Peoples and Member States.
UNU's key goals are:
- to be an international community of scholars;
- to form a bridge between the UN and the international academic community;
- to serve as a think-tank for the UN system;
- to contribute to capacity building, particularly in developing countries;
- to serve as a platform for dialogue and creative new ideas.
The University's academic activities are coordinated and carried out by UNU Centre and the RTC/Ps (currently numbering ten) as well as through a global network of associated and cooperating institutions and scholars. UNU's work is clustered within two main programme areas: peace and governance, and environment and sustainable development.
United Nations Volunteers was created by the General Assembly in 1970 as a subsidiary organ of the United Nations to be an operational programme in development cooperation. It assigns mid-career women and men to sector and community-based development projects, humanitarian aid and the promotion of human rights and democracy.
In a single year, some 4,000 UNV specialists, field workers and national UNVs, short-term business/industry consultants and returning expatriate advisers are at work through UNDP's more than 130 country offices around the world. Two thirds are themselves citizens of developing countries. UNV reports to the Executive Board of UNDP/UNFPA.
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
As the leading international organization in the field of tourism, UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide.
Established in 1874, the Universal Postal Union (UPU) is the primary forum for cooperation between postal services. With 190 member countries, its mission is to foster the sustainable development of quality universal, efficient accessible postal services in order to facilitate communication among the people of the world by:
- Guaranteeing the free circulation of postal items through an interconnected single postal territory;
- Promoting the adoption of fair and common standards and the application of technology;
- Cooperation and interaction among stakeholders;
- Facilitating the effective provision of technical cooperation;
- Ensuring that the changing needs of customers are addressed.
The World Health Organization is the United Nations specialized organization for health. It was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
WHO is governed by 192 Member States through the World Health Assembly. The Health Assembly is composed of representatives from WHO's Member States. The main tasks of the World Health Assembly are to approve the WHO programme and the budget for the following biennium and to decide major policy questions.
WIPO is the global forum for intellectual property services, policy, information and cooperation. It is a self-funding agency of the United Nations, with 188 member states.
Their mission is to lead the development of a balanced and effective international intellectual property (IP) system that enables innovation and creativity for the benefit of all. Their mandate, governing bodies and procedures are set out in the WIPO Convention, which established WIPO in 1967.